“बडा दशैंको शुभकामना !”
There are some variations in wordings of Dashain Aasheesh. However, the concept is the same.
Aayu Drona-Sute; Shreeyam Dasharathe; Shatru Kshya Raaghawe ||
Aishyarwam Nahushe; Gatischa Pawane; Maananchha Duryodhane ||1||
Shouryam Shantanwe; Balam Haladhare; Satyan cha kunti sute ||
Bigyaanam Bidure; Babatu bhawataam; Kirtischha Naaraayane ||2||
Dharma, Santanam, Yasho Briddhi, Sarwa Briddhi, Briddhi Bhagyawan
Bijaya Dashami ko Tika Lagai Iswar/Raja Dahina hun, Shatru Bashya hun, Manle Aante Chitayeko Pugos…………
………… and and whatever particular blessings you find suitable to the person who receives the teeka.
Shaskrit ko Artha:
Dronacharya ko jasto aayu hos; Dasharath ko jasto Shree-shampati hos; Ramko jasto shatru nash garne shakti hos || Nahush Rajako jasto chanchala-shree hos; Hawako jasto gati hos; Duryodhan ko jasto man (abhivan) hos ||1||
Bhishma (Shantu Rajako Putra) ko jasto ladainma parakram hos; Balaramko jasto bal hos; Udhishthir (Kunti ko chhora) ko jasto satya man hos || Gyan Buddhi ma Bidur ko jasto hos; Naryanko jasto kirti hos; Yo sabai timilai nai hos ||2||
Interested to know some detail?
Dhronacharya ko jasto aayu: Dronacharya would never be killed by anyone. He was undefeated and immortal until he killed himself. It was the trick of Bhimsen and others who conveyed the message of his son (Aswattham)’s death to him and he killed himself by samadhi.
Dasharath ko jasto shree: Dasharath was famous among deutas. He fought with and killed many enemies of deuta. On top of that, he had four parakrami sons which was also considered a great wealth in that age.
Ramko jasto shatru kshya: Ram killed Ravan with that much tacits with coalition with primates.
Nahush Rajako jasto Aishworya: Nahusch raja was very wealthy and famous for his generocity (unlike Kuwer who had wealth, kuwer is among the god and Nahush is among the human kind).
Pawan (Hawa) ko jasto gati: (No need to explain)
Duryodhanko jasto man (or you can say abhiman): Duryodhan was abhimani; he destroyed his rebel Pandawas, he forced all the kings and warriors to align with or against him, he could convice his gurus and all other followers whether he was good or bad.
Bhismacharya ko jasto parakram: You all know Bhisma, once he promised, he fullfilled. On top of that, he was the only leader in Kaurav sena pati who leaded the war for 10 days alone and killed many pandav army. Technically he defeated pandav’s. It was his own generosity that he gave the clue to Pandava how he could be hunted down. (You know shikhandi?)
Balaram ko jasto bal: When Balaram returned from Tirthatan, the war of hastinapur was over. He became so angry that it was his brother Krishna who played key role in that much massachre. He put his Halo under Hastinapur and pulled it from side to sink it in Jamuna river. Whole hastinapur was tilted. He was that much balwan.
Yudhishthir ko jasto satya: We all know he never told a lie.
Bidurko jasto budhhi, gyan: In some places he has played a role of mediator. He was a learned man. He was considered the most intelligent man of that age.
Naryanko jasto kirti: Ghar gharma narayan ko puja hunchha, satyanarayanko puja hunchha. There is a separate story about the tussle between Bhrahma and Bishnu. Bishnu won that. Since then, Bhrahama ko puja hundaina, naryanko matrai hunchha.
Jayanti, Mangala, Kali, Bhadrakali, Kapalini
Durga, Kshyama, Swadha, Dhatri, Naryani, Namostute ||1||
Timinai Jayanti, ………….., Naryani hau, Timilai mero namaskar chha. (All these names signify goddess Durga).
2015 Dashain Calendar
Dashain is a religious Nepali festival which is celebrated for fifteen days. It is the longest and the most significant festival in Nepali Calendar. Dashain is also celebrated in Bhutan and some North-Eastern states of India.
Dashain is celebrated for 15 days. However, first, seventh, eighth, ninth and the tenth are the most important days.
Day 1 – Ghatasthapana
Day 7 – Phulpati
Day 8 – Maha Ashtami or Durga Ashtami
Day 9 – Maha Navami or Durga Navami
Day 10 – Vijaya Dashami or Bijaya Dashami
Day 15 – Kojagrat Purnima
On Ghatasthapana day, which is also known as Sowing Jamara day, a divine Kalash is installed in the Puja room. This Kalash symbolizes the Goddess of Power i.e. Goddess Durga herself. On this day Kalash is filled with holy water which is then covered with cow dung and sewn with barley and other grain seeds. The Kalash is put in Puja room at the center of a rectangle sand block. These seeds sprout and grow to five to six inches yellow grass in next ten days. This sacred grass is known as Jamara.
Vijaya Dashami is the most significant day during fifteen days Dashain festivity. Vijaya Dashami Tika is performed on the very same day. On this day, rice, vermilion and Jamara, which is sewn during Ghatasthapana day, are arranged on a plate and this preparation is known as Tika. Elders put Tika and Jamara on the forehead of younger relatives to bless them with abundance in the upcoming year. This ceremony continues for next five days till Kojagrat Purnima.
In Nepal, Dashain is not only a religious festival but also a nation holiday. Dashain is also known as Badadashain, Dashera and Vijaya Dashami.